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Therapy dogs can spread superbugs to kids, hospital tests find
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/06(Sat) 18:41:44.73
- Therapy dogs can bring more than joy and comfort to hospitalized kids. They can also bring stubborn germs.
Doctors at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore were suspicious that the dogs might pose an infection risk to patients with weakened immune systems. So they conducted some tests when Pippi, Poppy, Badger and Winnie visited 45 children getting cancer treatment.
They discovered that kids who spent more time with the dogs had a six times greater chance of coming away with superbug bacteria than kids who spent less time with the animals. But the study also found that washing the dogs before visits and using special wipes while they are in the hospital took away the risk of spreading that bacteria.
The results of the unpublished study were released Friday at a scientific meeting in San Francisco.
One U.S. health official said the findings add to the growing understanding that while interactions with pets and therapy animals can be beneficial, they can also carry risk.
“Whether covered in fur, feathers or scales, animals have the potential to carry germs that make people sick,” said Casey Barton Behravesh of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Pet therapy can help people recover from a range of health problems. Past studies have shown dogs or other animals can ease anxiety and sadness, lower blood pressure and even reduce the amount of medications some patients need.
But there have been episodes of the superbug MRSA riding around on healthy-looking therapy dogs.
- 2 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/06(Sat) 18:42:01.94
- MRSA, or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, often live on the skin without causing symptoms. But they can become more dangerous if they enter the bloodstream, destroying heart valves or causing other damage. Health officials have tied MRSA to as many as 11,000 U.S. deaths a year.
The bacteria can spread in daycares, locker rooms and military barracks, but public health efforts have focused on hospitals and nursing homes.
The Baltimore study looked at 45 children who interacted with the four dogs — petting, hugging, feeding or playing with them — over 13 visits in 2016 and 2017.
Among kids who had no MRSA, the researchers found the superbug on about 10 percent of the samples taken from those kids after the dog visits. They also found MRSA on nearly 40 percent of the samples from the dogs. The researchers also determined that the more time someone spent with the animals, the greater the chance of ending up with the bacteria.
The researchers think the dogs were generally clean of MRSA when they first came to the hospital, but picked it up from patients or others while they were there, said one of the authors, Meghan Davis.
“Our hypothesis is it’s really person-to-person transmission, but it happened through contact with the fur,” said Davis, a Johns Hopkins public health researcher and veterinarian.
Under hospital protocols, therapy dogs must be bathed within a day of a visit and are checked for wounds or other health problems. Children who see them are supposed to use hand sanitizer “but that wasn’t strictly enforced,” said Kathryn Dalton, another one of the researchers.
Later in the study, the researchers asked the dogs’ owners to bathe the animals with a special shampoo before the visits. They also had the dogs patted down every five to 10 minutes with disinfecting wipes at the hospital.
Those steps dramatically decreased the bacteria level on the dogs, Dalton said.
She hopes further study will show that such cleanings can reduce any risk of superbug infection.
“I really had the opportunity to see how important these dogs were to the patients,” Dalton said. After the sessions with the dogs, the kids “would say how much this made their day.”
- 3 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/07(Sun) 13:17:36.55
- Sunrise's design is not a symbol of militarism.
Please think. It is a way of expression for the sun common to mankind.
Record 37,000 children suspected to have suffered abuse in Japan
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/06(Sat) 18:36:43.88
Japanese police referred to child welfare authorities a record-high 37,113 suspected victims of child abuse in the first half of this year, a report released Thursday showed.
The preliminary figure marks an increase of 6,851 children aged 17 or younger being affected, as compared to the same period last year, according to the National Police Agency.
The agency believes the figures do not necessarily indicate there is an increase in abuse, generally, but rather that people are reporting more suspected cases to authorities amid heightened public awareness.
Police say the increased reporting has allowed them to intervene in potentially dangerous situations earlier.
The problem came into stark relief in March when Yua Funato, 5, died in Tokyo after being beaten and neglected by her parents. The girl had reportedly begged her parents to stop their mistreatment.
The case sent shockwaves through Japanese society when it was revealed Funato had recorded messages pleading for forgiveness in a notebook, all while her parents allegedly underfed her in order to keep the young girl "slim like a model."
- 2 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/06(Sat) 18:37:01.10
- The girl was also allegedly woken at 4 a.m. every day to practice writing and to carry out other tasks.
Following her death, the government compiled emergency measures to tackle child abuse, including a plan to employ an additional 2,000 child welfare staff nationwide by fiscal 2022, up from the 3,253 employed as of April last year.
"I understand that abuse leaves a serious impact on children's mind and body," said Junzo Yamamoto, the new head of the National Public Safety Commission, at a press conference, adding he intends to instruct police to promote measures to help abused children nationwide.
The latest report showed police also removed 2,127 children from their homes in the six months through June, deeming that their lives had been threatened, while forwarding to government child consultation centers 14,869 abuse reports that they could not immediately confirm, according to the report.
Of the 37,113 total minors affected, roughly 70 percent, or 26,415, were suspected of having been subject to psychological abuse, including 16,869 who had personally witnessed domestic violence.
A total of 6,792 victims were suspected to have suffered physical abuse, 3,795 neglect, and 111 were thought to have been raped or forced into some other form of violent sexual activity, the report showed.
The number of child pornography cases handled by police rose to a record high 1,423 in the first half of 2018, up 281, with the number of cases of possession of illegal materials growing and cases of people allegedly making explicit content involving children reducing.
The number of child porn possession cases stood at 393, surging from 31 the previous year, after police obtained a list of some 7,000 people who purchased child porn DVDs last year, while cases involving people making child porn fell 38 to 686.
Some 615 children were victimized in child pornography cases in total, up 21, with high school students 38.0 percent of the total, followed by 34.5 percent junior high school students and 22.4 percent elementary school students, according to the agency.
Cases of victims being lured into taking and sending nude images of themselves using mobile phones were most common at 39.0 percent, followed by hidden cameras filming victims at 25.4 percent and child prostitution at 15.0 percent.
About 90 percent of victims of nude image-sharing were high school students and junior high school students, it showed.
Typhoon hits Korean Peninsula, disrupts flights in Japan
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/06(Sat) 18:34:40.15
A typhoon moved over the southern part of the Korean Peninsula on Saturday, also bringing heavy rain to southwestern and western Japan and disrupting air traffic, the weather agency and airline companies said.
As Typhoon Kong-rey traveled north of Japan's main island of Kyushu, many flights to and from the region were cancelled, affecting some 5,000 people, Japan Airlines Co. and All Nippon Airways Co. said.
As of 9 a.m. Saturday, the season's No. 25 typhoon was around 120 kilometers west-northwest of the city of Tsushima in Nagasaki Prefecture with an atmospheric pressure of 970 hectopascals and winds of up to 162 km per hour, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.
Although the typhoon is expected to downgrade into an extratropical cyclone early on Sunday, the agency warned of strong winds and high tides as it approaches northern and northeastern Japan on Sunday morning.
Osaka crashes out of China Open in semifinals
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/06(Sat) 18:33:27.11
- Naomi Osaka's bid for a third tour title ended in a straight-sets semifinal defeat to Anastasija Sevastova at the China Open on Saturday.
The Latvian, ranked 20th in the world, knocked off the U.S. Open champ 6-4, 6-4 in 1 hour, 31 minutes. According to the WTA website, the victory over the sixth-ranked Osaka was Sevastova's fourth over a top-10 opponent this season.
"You have to stay aggressive, you have to stay concentrated," Sevastova said afterward in an on-court interview. "Naomi, she's a great player, one of the best this year."
"She's so confident. So you have to stay there. You have to return every ball, and play good on your service game."
The 20-year-old Osaka, whose mother is Japanese and father Haitian, hit 24 winners but also made 42 unforced errors and managed to convert just one of her four break opportunities.
Tokyo's Tsukiji fish market ends 83 yrs of business for rel
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/06(Sat) 18:32:29.64
Tokyo's Tsukiji fish market, a popular tourist attraction, brought the curtain down on its 83 year-old business on Saturday amid its usual lively atmosphere, with a replacement facility set to open next week in a nearby waterfront district.
The new Toyosu market will open on Thursday following a two-year delay after soil contamination raised safety concerns and additional work was undertaken to deal with polluted groundwater.
Tours inside the Tsukiji market and the shops and restaurants in the outer market have attracted many visitors, but the Tokyo metropolitan government decided to relocate the aging facility due to concerns about sanitation, earthquake resistance and fire safety.
In the Toyosu market, tourists will be behind a glass wall on a second-floor deck.
Shortly after 5 a.m. on Saturday, before the start of the auction of tunas, Takeshi Yoshida, president of "Tsukiji Uo-ichiba" (fish market) gave an address on behalf of all wholesalers.
"Today, Tsukiji finishes its activities after 83 years and carves its name in history," said Yoshida, followed by all members doing "ippon-jime," a conventional Japanese hand-clapping ritual, to celebrate the last day of auctions.
After the bell rang, the auction sites were filled with the usual shouts from all around and the tunas were sold with buyers using their fingers to indicate bidding prices.
"Finally this day has come. Let's take our techniques and judging abilities developed in Tsukiji to the new market," said Yutaka Hayama, chief director of a business group of the Tokyo Fish Market Wholesale Cooperative.
IMF urges Japan to ensure tax hike goes smoothly
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/05(Fri) 03:24:06.56
International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde on Thursday urged Japan to make sure that an increase scheduled for next year in the nationwide consumption tax does not hurt the country's economic growth.
"We believe that the higher consumption tax will help fund growing health and pension expenses, and support fiscal consolidation," Lagarde told a press conference in Tokyo following an annual consultation with the Japanese government.
"However, we also recommend that the 2019 consumption tax increase be accompanied by carefully designed mitigating measures to protect near-term reflation and growth momentum. We believe that the fiscal stance should certainly remain neutral at least for the next two years," she said.
Economists fear the planned tax hike to 10 percent from the current 8 percent in October next year will trigger a wild swing in private demand that will put the brakes on the world's third-largest economy, as the previous hike in 2014 did.
The IMF said in a statement that "temporary mitigating measures should be carefully designed to alleviate the adverse consumption impact," pointing in particular to pricey purchases such as cars and homes.
The advice was essentially a thumbs up to the administration of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, which is considering tax cuts for such products and has promised "extraordinary measures" in the budgets for fiscal years 2019 and 2020 to ensure the tax hike goes without a hitch.
Lagarde was somewhat less supportive of Abe's decision to keep a lower consumption tax rate for daily necessities such as food and beverages, and newspaper subscriptions.
"Having one single rate is probably the most efficient way to design, structure and collect VAT," the former French finance minister said, using the abbreviation for value-added tax.
"But, and here it is the former finance minister speaking who understands that sometimes having two rates can also not only focus on revenue collection, which is the necessary function of tax, but also to be accommodating to the social situation of people, particularly those with low income."
The IMF, meanwhile, reiterated its stance that Japan should continue gradually increasing the consumption tax to at least 15 percent to pay for the costs of caring for a fast-aging population while reducing its massive public debt.
Earlier in the day, Lagarde met separately with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Finance Minister Taro Aso. Lagarde and Aso will attend a meeting of the Group of 20 finance chiefs in Bali, Indonesia, next week.
Ex-sumo champ Harumafuji sued over 2017 assault
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/05(Fri) 03:22:41.08
Sumo wrestler Takanoiwa on Thursday filed a lawsuit seeking 24 million yen ($209,900) in damages from former grand champion Harumafuji, claiming the Mongolian's assault last year forced him to miss matches due to injuries and caused him financial losses.
The former yokozuna faced a summary indictment in December for assaulting the lower-ranked compatriot wrestler with a remote controller at a lounge bar in the city of Tottori on Oct. 26, causing injuries which took 12 days to heal.
The civil lawsuit was filed just days after then-Harumafuji held a retirement ceremony. It also came after Takanohana, the master of the stable Takanoiwa belonged to, left the Japan Sumo Association, saying he could not accept the organization's conclusion that his complaint over its handling of the assault was groundless.
Takanoiwa and the former yokozuna first held talks concerning an out-of-court settlement late last year, but failed to reach agreement. They tried again to settle at a summary court in August, but that effort too failed.
"Takanoiwa even considered his retirement at an initial stage," said Toshiji Sato, his lawyer.
Harumafuji had proposed paying 300,000 yen to 500,000 yen during the talks, according to the lawyer.
A lawyer for the former yokozuna, Tsugio Yada, declined to comment on the lawsuit, saying he has yet to go through the legal documents.
Toyota, SoftBank tie up in developing driverless car services
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/10/05(Fri) 03:21:06.21
Toyota Motor Corp. and SoftBank Corp. said Thursday they have tied up to develop services using self-driving vehicles and other advanced automotive technologies, the latest example of a carmaker joining hands with an IT firm in the fast-evolving auto industry.
In the first alliance between Japan's auto and technology giants, they will set up a joint venture by next March that will aim to offer services such as meal deliveries and hospital shuttles using autonomous vehicles.
SoftBank will own a 50.25 percent stake and Toyota a 49.75 percent stake in the venture named Monet Technologies Corp., which will be capitalized initially at 2 billion yen ($17.5 million), increasing to 10 billion yen in the future, they said.
As a first step, the entity, to be led by SoftBank Chief Technology Officer Junichi Miyakawa, will launch a ride-hailing service in the next fiscal year starting April for local municipalities and firms in Japan. Its services will be expanded overseas in the future.
"The tie-up between Toyota, the world's leading mobility company, and SoftBank, which is focused on artificial intelligence that will redefine all industries including autos, will lead to unprecedented mobility in a new era," SoftBank Group Chief Executive Officer Masayoshi Son said at a joint news conference with Toyota President Akio Toyoda in Tokyo.
"Monet is only the first stage. I am hoping that the collaboration will further expand and deepen into the second, third stages," Son said.
Indonesian quake, tsunami death toll rises to 384: ...
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/09/30(Sun) 16:13:03.58
The death toll from a magnitude 7.5 earthquake and subsequent tsunamis that hit central Indonesia's Sulawesi Island on Friday has risen to 384 with at least 29 people missing and 540 others injured, the country's disaster agency said Saturday.
National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho told a press conference that the tsunamis engulfed a broad area of the western part of the island, destroying several thousand structures in the coastal area.
He added that the death toll may increase further, saying the figures were only from the Central Sulawesi provincial capital of Palu, one of the two worst-affected areas.
The government has begun full-fledged relief work. The military, national police, and search and rescue agency have dispatched personnel to search for missing people and support evacuees.
According to the National Disaster Mitigation Agency, the damage caused by the tsunami waves was particularly significant in the coastal areas of Palu and Donggala.
In Palu, a large bridge that was a symbol of the city was completely destroyed. People including hospital patients have fled outdoors amid the aftershocks.
The quake struck at 6:02 p.m. Friday at a depth of only 10 kilometers, centered on land near the town of Donggala -- about 2,500 km northeast of capital Jakarta -- triggering tsunami waves up to 1.5 meters high in some areas.
Captured fugitive had been traveling by bicycle with another man
- 1 名前：Anonymous 2018/09/30(Sun) 16:10:17.51
A 30-year-old man recaptured after escaping from a police station in Osaka Prefecture last month had likely been traveling on a stolen bicycle with another man who was unaware of who he was, police said Sunday.
Junya Hida was with a 44-year-old man who had been traveling by bicycle across Japan when he was arrested at a roadside shop Saturday after having been on the run for nearly seven weeks, according to police.
He was allegedly stealing food when arrested at the shop in Yamaguchi Prefecture, hundreds of kilometers to the southwest of Osaka, after arriving there on a bicycle he stole in Osaka. He was arrested again Sunday by the Osaka police on suspicion of aggravated escape.
Hida had been with the man on a cycling trip since the two met about three weeks ago in Ehime Prefecture, though they did not spend all the time together.
The 44-year-old man told the Osaka police that he was aware of the news of a suspect escaping from a police station in Osaka but did not know that Hida was that person.
According to the police, the man said he had not wished for Hida to join him on the trip and had found his company "annoying."
Also Sunday, the Yamaguchi police arrested the 44-year-old man on suspicion he had stolen a bicycle in Wakayama Prefecture.
The Osaka police are investigating Hida's movements since fleeing and other details of his escape. He has refused to answer questions since his capture, the police said.
Originally arrested for alleged rape and other crimes, Hida was being kept at the Tondabayashi police station when he broke out of a room where he had met with his lawyer.
He was put on a nationwide wanted list and police had mobilized about 4,000 officers to search for him.
A native of Matsubara, Osaka, Hida apparently smashed an acrylic panel separating his lawyer and himself in the meeting room of the police station and left from an unlocked door on the lawyer's side of the partition, according to the police.
Hida was first arrested in May for allegedly being in possession of a stolen motorbike in Osaka. He was later indicted on charges of rape, theft and robbery resulting in injury, and the latest charge was attempted rape.
５ちゃんねる BBS.CGI - 2018/10/13 22:51:47 JST
last modified at 2018/10/16 22:04:32 JST